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Title: First-principles design of a borocarbonitride-based anode for superior performance in sodium-ion batteries and capacitors
Authors: Banerjee, Swastika
Neihsial, Siamkhanthang
Pati, Swapan Kumar
Keywords: Chemistry
Energy & Fuels
Materials Science
Rate Capability
Atomic Layers
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Citation: Banerjee, S.; Neihsial, S.; Pati, S. K., First-principles design of a borocarbonitride-based anode for superior performance in sodium-ion batteries and capacitors. Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2016, 4 (15), 5517-5527
Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Abstract: Three fundamental challenges for the development of technologically relevant sodium-ion batteries (SIB) and sodium-ion capacitors (SIC) are the lower cell voltage, decreased ionic-diffusivity and larger volume of sodium-ions relative to their lithium-ion analogues. Using first-principles computation, we show that two-dimensional BxCyNz with nitrogen-excess trigonal BxNz-domain (T-N) meets the requirements of a superior anode for SIB. Variation in the shape of the BxNz-domain and B-N charge-imbalance in BxCyNz results in tunable anodic properties. Monolayer T-N-sheet can store Na(Li) up to Na2.2C6(Li1.8T6) composition, which corresponds to a specific capacity as high as 810(668) mA h g(-1) for SIB(LIB). The average open circuit voltage is similar to 1.25 V vs. Na/Na+ for a wide range of chemical stoichiometries of NaxTN, which is also beneficial to the overall cell-voltage. The enhanced electronic transport and fast diffusion kinetics of the Na-ions is particular for the T-N-anode, which can result in high power efficiency in SIB, even better than that of graphite electrode in conventional LIB. Charge-storage upon layer-wise accumulation of Na-ions on the T-N surface is also appealing for application to sodium-ion capacitors, as an alternative to lithium-ion capacitors. These features are in contrast to conventional layered materials, where the voltage drops quickly as Na-ions are removed from the matrix. Hence, this article may serve as a guide for designing borocarbonitride electrodes for SIB(SIC) with controlled experimental behaviour.
Description: Restricted Access
ISSN: 2050-7488
Appears in Collections:Research Articles (Swapan Kumar Pati)

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