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Title: Possible application of 2D-boron sheets as anode material in lithium ion battery: A DFT and AIMD study
Authors: Banerjee, Swastika
Periyasamy, Ganga
Pati, Swapan Kumar
Keywords: Physical Chemistry
Energy & Fuels
Materials Science
Electrical Energy-Storage
Space Gaussian Pseudopotentials
Boron Monolayer Sheets
Microbial Fuel-Cells
Quasi-Newton Methods
Electrode Materials
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Citation: Banerjee, S; Periyasamy, G; Pati, SK, Possible application of 2D-boron sheets as anode material in lithium ion battery: A DFT and AIMD study. Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2014, 2 (11) 3856-3864,
Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Abstract: Density functional theory (DFT) and ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) simulations have been employed to investigate the possibility of 2D boron sheets (BSs) as an anode material in Lithium ion batteries (LIBs). Among alpha, alpha(1) and eta(4/28) metallic BSs, planarity is retained for the alpha(1) and eta(4/28) polymorphs after the formation of the Layered structure. The optimum anodic nature of the alpha(1) and alpha(1)-AA polymorphs has been suggested based on their electronic, structural and Li adsorption/desorption studies. The highly symmetric 'H' site is energetically favored for Li adsorption at both 0 and 298 K. Li migration occurs from one 'H' site to another via the top of a boron atom, with a 0.66 and 0.39 eV energy barrier at 0 and 298 K respectively. An increase in the Lithium concentration, up to a 50% coverage of 'H' sites, decreases the diffusion barrier gradually and reaches the saturation point at 0.59 eV (at 0 K). The Lithium saturation requires eight Lithium atoms per 1.63 nm(2) surface area of the alpha(1) sheet, when all 'H' sites become occupied. This confers the theoretical estimate of the capacity as 383 mA h g(-1), which is higher than that of the conventional graphitic electrode. Finally, the structural stability at the Lithium saturation point is confirmed by increasing the number of Layers up to four. ALL of these characteristics suggest the appropriateness of alpha(1)-AA as an anode material for LIBs.
Description: Restricted Access
ISSN: 2050-7488
Appears in Collections:Research Articles (Swapan Kumar Pati)

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