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Title: Competing Cation-Anion Interactions and Noncentrosymmetry in Metal Oxide-Fluorides: A First-Principles Theoretical Study
Authors: Mishra, Abhishek Kumar
Marvel, Michael R.
Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R.
Waghmare, Umesh V.
Keywords: Chemistry
Materials Science
Scaling Geometry Optimization
Transition-State Search
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: Mishra, AK; Marvel, MR; Poeppelmeier, KR; Waghmare, UV, Competing Cation-Anion Interactions and Noncentrosymmetry in Metal Oxide-Fluorides: A First-Principles Theoretical Study. Crystal Growth & Design 2014, 14 (1) 131-139,
Crystal Growth & Design
Abstract: Anomalous Born dynamical charges in perovskite oxides, such as BaTiO3 and KNbO3, are known to be indicators of their tendency to turn polar through cation off-centering and measure of the interaction between d states of transition metal and p states of oxygen. Here, we use first-principles density functional theory based calculations to determine Born charges of noncentrosymmetric ICNaNbOF5 and centrosymmetric CsNaNbOF5 with a goal to assess the cation anion interactions relevant to the breaking of their centrosymmetry. We find that while noncentrosymmetry is favored by the primary Nb-O interaction, covalency in the competing interaction of Cs with anions suppresses it stabilizing the centrosymmetric structure and is reflected clearly in the deviation of Born effective charges (BECs) from their nominal ionic values. We identify specific features in the electronic structure that correlate with stability of the centrosymmetric structure and show that polarization of the noncentrosymmetric KNaNbOF5 estimated using the Berry phase method is rather weak similar to 0.21 mu C/cm(2), consistent with the finding that it originates from the competition between the primary and secondary electronic distortions.
Description: Restricted Access
ISSN: 1528-7483
Appears in Collections:Research Articles (Umesh V. Waghmare)

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