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Title: Rationally Designed Peptidomimetic Modulators of A beta Toxicity in Alzheimer's Disease
Authors: Rajasekhar, K.
Suresh, S. N.
Manjithaya, Ravi
Govindaraju, T.
Keywords: Multidisciplinary Sciences
Small-Molecule Inhibitors
Amyloid Fibril Formation
Peptide Aggregation
Protein Aggregation
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Citation: Scientific Reports
Rajasekhar, K.; Suresh, S. N.; Manjithaya, R.; Govindaraju, T., Rationally Designed Peptidomimetic Modulators of A beta Toxicity in Alzheimer's Disease. Scientific Reports 2015, 5, 9.
Abstract: Alzheimer's disease is one of the devastating illnesses mankind is facing in the 21st century. The main pathogenic event in Alzheimer's disease is believed to be the aggregation of the beta-amyloid (A beta) peptides into toxic aggregates. Molecules that interfere with this process may act as therapeutic agents for the treatment of the disease. Use of recognition unit based peptidomimetics as inhibitors are a promising approach, as they exhibit greater protease stability compared to natural peptides. Here, we present peptidomimetic inhibitors of A beta aggregation designed based on the KLVFF (P1) sequence that is known to bind A beta aggregates. We improved inhibition efficiency of P1 by introducing multiple hydrogen bond donor-acceptor moieties (thymine/barbiturate) at the N-terminal (P2 and P3), and blood serum stability by modifying the backbone by incorporating sarcosine (N-methylglycine) units at alternate positions (P4 and P5). The peptidomimetics showed moderate to good activity in both inhibition and dissolution of A beta aggregates as depicted by thioflavin assay, circular dichroism (CD) measurements and microscopy (TEM). The activity of P4 and P5 were studied in a yeast cell model showing A beta toxicity. P4 and P5 could rescue yeast cells from A beta toxicity and A beta aggregates were cleared by the process of autophagy.
Description: Restricted access
ISSN: 2045-2322
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (Ravi Manjithaya)

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