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Title: Structural organization of the meiotic prophase chromatin in rat testes
Authors: Rao, Basuthkar Jagadeeswar
Brahmachari, Samir K
Rao, M R S
Keywords: Animals
Cell Nucleus - physiology
Chromatin - physiology
Circular Dichroism
Deoxyribonuclease I
Genetic Variation
Histones - genetics
isolation & purification
Liver / physiology
Micrococcal Nuclease
Nucleic Acid Conformation
Nucleosomes - ultrastructure
Testis - physiology
Issue Date: 1983
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Citation: Journal of Biological Chemistry 258(22), 13478-13485 (1983)
Abstract: Pachytene nuclei were isolated from rat testes by the unit gravity sedimentation technique and contained histone variants H1a, H1t, TH2A, TH2B, and X2 in addition to the somatic histones H1bde, H1c, H2A, H2B, H3, and H4. The basic organization of the pachytene chromatin namely the nucleosome repeat length and the accessibility to micrococcal nuclease, was similar to that of rat liver interphase chromatin. However, when digested by DNase I, the susceptibility of pachytene chromatin was 25\% more than liver chromatin under identical conditions. Nucleosome core particles were isolated from both liver and pachytene nuclei and were characterized for their DNA length and integrity of the nucleoprotein on low ionic strength nucleoprotein gels. While liver core particles contained all the somatic histones H2A, H2B, H3, and H4, in the pachytene core particles, histone variants TH2A, X2, and TH2B had replaced nearly 60\% of the respective somatic histones. A comparison of the circular dichroism spectra obtained for pachytene and liver core particles indicated that the pachytene core particles were less compact than the liver core particles. Studies on the thermal denaturation properties of the two types of core particles revealed that the fraction of the pachytene core DNA melting at the premelting temperature region of 55-60 $^oC$ was significantly higher than that of the liver core DNA.
Description: Restricted Access
Other Identifiers: 0021-9258
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (M.R.S. Rao)

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