Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: First-principles prediction of catalytic activity tuned with structure, Atomic substitution and vacancies: applications to energy and environment
Authors: Waghmare, Umesh V.
Dheer, Lakshay
Keywords: Catalysis
Electrocatalytic activity
Chemical reactions
Issue Date: Sep-2021
Publisher: Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research
Citation: Dheer, Lakshay. 2021, First-principles prediction of catalytic activity tuned with structure, Atomic substitution and vacancies: applications to energy and environment, Ph.D thesis, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bengaluru
Abstract: Catalysts enhance the rate of a chemical reaction by providing an alternate, low energy barrier route connecting reactants to products, without undergoing any change themselves. At its core, the main purpose of a catalyst is to save energy. Production of clean fuels like H2, conversion of waste and even harmful by-products (CO2) to usable moieties (CH3OH), and synthesis of industrially important chemicals (NH3) are impacted greatly by catalysts. Determination of mechanisms of catalytic activity and its prediction are fundamentally challenging, because it involves physical and chemical interactions between different types of molecules and solids. Prediction and design of highly selective catalysts with efficient activity thus have huge academic and socioeconomic significance. Substantial advancement in computational modelling, algorithms and unprecedented growth of raw computing power have enabled the design and prediction of catalysts with calculations within first-principles density functional theory (DFT). These DFT-based simulations provide unbiased, non-empirical access to detailed atomistic and electronic structure and properties of materials, complementing experiments. In this thesis, we demonstrate how comprehensive analysis based on DFT calculations can be used to (a) understand and explain the activity of experimentally synthesized catalysts and (b) design and predict novel catalysts, for a number of reactions of relevance to tackling problems of energy and environment. We illustrate how the activity of a catalyst can be tuned with structure, defects (vacancies), and substitutional alloying, identifying relevant descriptors that would facilitate further work. In Chapter 1 we give a brief introduction to some fundamental and important aspects of catalysis. This is followed by a brief description of methods and formalism used in our calculations in Chapter 2. Further, the thesis is divided into three parts, based on the types of catalytic reactions studied.
Description: Open access
Appears in Collections:Student Theses (CPMU)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
9792.pdf74.75 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.